Acid-Base Physiology

Appendix A : References

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Badrick T & Hickman PE. The Anion Gap: A Reappraisal. Am J Clin Path 1992; 98: 249-252.

Barela TD, Johnson JD & Hayek A. Metabolic Acidosis in the Newborn Period. Clin Endo Metab. 1983; 12: 429

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Bernards WC. Interpretation of Clinical Acid-Base Data. Regional Refresher Courses in Anesthesiology. 1973 Vol 1 Chap. 2.

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Brimioulle S et al. Hydrochloric Acid Infusion for Treatment of Metabolic Alkalosis associated with Respiratory Acidosis. Crit Care Med. 1989; 17: 232-236.

Bunker J. The Great Trans-Atlantic Acid-Base Debate. Anesthesiology 1965; 25: 591-4.

Burrows FA. Con: pH-stat Management of Blood Gases is Preferable to Alpha-stat in Patients undergoing Brain Cooling for Cardiac Surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1995; 9: 219-221.

Cohen RD & Woods HF. Lactic Acidosis Revisited. Diabetes 1983; 32: 181

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Kaehny WD & Anderson RJ. Bicarbonate Therapy of Metabolic Acidosis. Crit Care Med. 1994; 22: 1525-1527.

Kellum JA. Metabolic Acidosis in the Critically Ill: Lessons from Physical Cemistry. Kidney International. 1998; 53 (Suppl 66): S81-S86.

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Kern FH & Greeley WJ. Pro: pH-stat Management of Blood Gases is Not Preferable to Alpha-stat in patients
Undergoing Brain Cooling for Cardiac Surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1995; 9: 215-218.

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O’Dwyer C et al. Determinants of Cerebral Perfusion during Cardiopulmonary Bypass. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1996; 10: 54-64; quiz 65

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Severinghaus JW & Astrup PB. The Development of Electrochemistry. Int Anes Clin. 1987; 25: 1-25.

Stephan H et al. Acid-base Management during Hypothermic Cardiopulmonary Bypass Does Not AffectCerebral Metabolism But Does Affect Cerebral Blood Flow and Neurological Outcome. Br J Anaesth. 1992; 69: 51-57.

Stewart PA. Independent and Dependent Variables of Acid-Base Control. Resp Physiol 1978; 33: 9-26.

Stewart PA. How to Understand Acid-Base. New York: Elsevier, 1981.

Stewart PA. Modern Quantitative Acid-Base Chemistry. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1983; 61: 1444-1461.

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Tallman RD. Acid-Base Regulation, Alpha-stat and the Emporer’s New Clothes. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1997; 11: 282-288

Walmsley RN & White GH. Normal Anion Gap (Hyperchloremic) Acidosis. Clin Chem 1985;31: 309-313.

Walmsley RN & White GH. Mixed Acid-Base Disorders. Clin Chem. 1985; 31: 321-325.

Worthley LIG. Hydrogen Ion Metabolism. Anaesth Intens Care. 1977; 5: 347-360.

Wren K. The Delta Gap: An Approach to Mixed Acid-Base Disorders. Ann Emerg Med. 1990; 19: 1310-1313.