Acid-Base Physiology

6.8 Respiratory Alkalosis - Prevention

Hyperventilation of the anaesthetised patient is common and preventable. Monitoring by capnography allows early recognition and correction. In major operations, serial arterial gases for assessment of oxygenation and ventilation is appropriate especially as the size of the endtidal-arterial pCO2 gradient can be determined and this is useful for determining ventilation settings between blood-gas analyses.

Summary of important aspects of Chapter Six: Respiratory Alkalosis